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Author Swissa, Y.; Hacohen, S.; Friedman, J.; Frenkel-Toledo, S. pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Sensorimotor performance after high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation over the primary somatosensory or motor cortices in men versus women Type Journal Article
  Year 2022 Publication Scientific Reports Abbreviated Journal Sci Rep  
  Volume 12 Issue Pages 11117  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The primary somatosensory (S1) cortex is a central structure in motor performance. However, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) research aimed at improving motor performance usually targets the primary motor cortex (M1). Recently, sex was found to mediate tDCS response. Thus, we investigated whether tDCS with an anodal electrode placed over S1 improves motor performance and sensation perception in men versus women. Forty-five participants randomly received 15-min high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS) at 1 mA to S1, M1, or sham stimulation. Reaching performance was tested before and immediately following stimulation. Two-point orientation discrimination (TPOD) of fingers and proprioception of a reaching movement were also tested. Although motor performance did not differ between groups, reaching reaction time improved in the M1 group men. Reaching movement time and endpoint error improved in women and men, respectively. Correct trials percentage for TPOD task was higher in the S1 compared to the M1 group in the posttest and improved only in the S1 group. Reaching movement time for the proprioception task improved, overall, and endpoint error did not change. Despite the reciprocal connections between S1 and M1, effects of active tDCS over S1 and M1 may specifically influence sensation perception and motor performance, respectively. Also, sex may mediate effects of HD-tDCS on motor performance.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 2045-2322 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 114  
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Author Awasthi, B.; Williams, M.A.; Friedman, J. pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Examining the role of red background in magnocellular contribution to face perception Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication PeerJ Abbreviated Journal PeerJ  
  Volume 4 Issue Pages e1617  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This study examines the role of the magnocellular system in the early stages of face perception, in particular sex categorization. Utilizing the specific property of magnocellular suppression in red light, we investigated visually guided reaching to low and high spatial frequency hybrid faces against red and grey backgrounds. The arm movement curvature measure shows that reduced response of the magnocellular pathway interferes with the low spatial frequency component of face perception. This finding provides behavioral evidence for magnocellular contribution to non-emotional aspect of face perception.  
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  Language en Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 2167-8359 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 81  
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Author Dempsey-Jones, H.; Wesselink, D.B.; Friedman, J.; Makin, T.R. pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Organized Toe Maps in Extreme Foot Users Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Cell Reports Abbreviated Journal Cell Reports  
  Volume 28 Issue 11 Pages 2748-2756.e4  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Although the fine-grained features of topographic maps in the somatosensory cortex can be shaped by everyday experience, it is unknown whether behavior can support the expression of somatotopic maps where they do not typically occur. Unlike the fingers, represented in all primates, individuated toe maps have only been found in non-human primates. Using 1-mm resolution fMRI, we identify organized toe maps in two individuals born without either upper limb who use their feet to substitute missing hand function and even support their profession as foot artists. We demonstrate that the ordering and structure of the artists’ toe representation mimics typical hand representation. We further reveal “hand-like” features of activity patterns, not only in the foot area but also similarly in the missing hand area. We suggest humans may have an innate capacity for forming additional topographic maps that can be expressed with appropriate experience.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 2211-1247 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.08.027 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 99  
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