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Author (up) Ezrati, O.; Friedman, J.; Dar, R. url  doi
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  Title Attenuation of access to internal states in high obsessive-compulsive individuals might increase susceptibility to false feedback: Evidence from a visuo-motor hand-reaching task Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry Abbreviated Journal Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Movement; Agency; Proprioception; Proxies  
  Abstract Background and objectives

The Seeking Proxies for Internal States (SPIS) model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) posits that obsessive-compulsive (OC) individuals have attenuated access to their internal states. Hence, they seek and rely on proxies, or discernible substitutes for these internal states. In previous studies, participants with high OC tendencies and OCD patients, compared to controls, showed increased reliance on external proxies and were more influenced by false feedback when judging their internal states. This study is the first to examine the effects of false feedback on performance of hand movements in participants with high and low OC tendencies.

Method

Thirty-four participants with high OC tendencies and 34 participants with low OC tendencies were asked to perform accurate hand reaches without visual feedback in two separate sessions of a computerized hand-reaching task: once after valid feedback training of their hand location and once with false-rotated feedback. We assessed the accuracy and directional adaptation of participants' reaches.

Results

As predicted, high OC participants evidenced a larger decrease in their hand positioning accuracy after training with false feedback compared to low OC participants.

Limitations

The generalization of our findings to OCD requires replication with a clinical sample.

Conclusions

These results suggest that in addition to self-perceptions, motor performance of OC individuals is prone to be overly influenced by false feedback, possibly due to attenuated access to proprioceptive cues. These findings may be particularly relevant to understanding the distorted sense of agency in OCD.
 
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0005-7916 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 95  
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